Saint Lucia Island – “Helen of the West Indies”

Saint Lucia Island – “Helen of the West Indies”

Saint Lucia is a sovereign island country located in the eastern Caribbean Sea, bordering to the Atlantic Ocean and it is the most popular Caribbean Island in the world. The Island covers a land area of 617km2. As per the census of 2010, Saint Lucia’s Population recorded at 165,595. However, in 2018, the United Nations Population Division has estimated the Population of the Saint Lucia Island as 181,889. Capital of Saint Lucia Island is “Castries” and it covers 79km2 of land. Castries populations consist of 32% of the Total Population of the Island.

History of Saint Lucia

Arawaks are the first proven inhabitants of Saint Lucia. Archaeologists believe that they may have arrived between 200 AD and 400 AD from South America.

French nationals were the first Europeans to settle in Saint Lucia Island, and in 1660 they signed an agreement with the native Caribs. However, from 1663 to 1667, England Governed Saint Lucia. After that, due to several wars that took place on the Island for many years, the controlling power of changed very frequently between French and British. However, in 1814 England became the permanent controller of Island. Saint Lucia was a member of the West Indies Federation during 1958 and 1962. In 1979, Saint Lucia gained independence and became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Saint Lucia Maintains a friendly relationship with the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and France, which are the leading governing nations active in the Caribbean Region. Further, Saint Lucia Island is free of International Disputes. The Island gained the 152nd membership of the United Nations in 1979.

Many archaeological sites from Arawaks’ time and some old towns are available for visits where any visitor could imagine the life in that era.

Saint Lucia Island Map


Saint Lucia weather is with a tropical rainforest climate under the “K√∂ppen” Climate Classification. The usual dry season of the Island is from 1st December to 31st May, whereas the wet season is from 01st June to 30th November.


Saint Lucia’s geography is more with mountain peaks compared to other Islands in the Caribbean sea. Saint Lucia Island is the only island in the world which has a drive-in volcano, which is one of the main reason to attract more visitors from all over the world.


Saint Lucia culture is a diversified one with the influence of African, English, French, and Dutch. Their outstanding cuisine recognized for receiving gold medals at region food competitions. The history provided the base for the present culture of the Island.


Saint Lucians are experts in planting and volcanic soil of the Island host for enormous yields of fruit plants. Saint Lucia Island is one of the leading banana exporters in the Caribbean region. Further, Saint Lucia is rich in tropical fruits, including mango, papaya, soursop, pineapple, passionfruit, guava, and coconut.

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